The bacteria is carried in the throat, often without causing disease. It's spread through the air by coughing and sneezing.
The Pneumococcal bacteria causes severe disease such as:
The bacteria also causes Pneumonia, ear and sinus infections. Pneumococcal disease may be a complication from a viral infection. Children with some medical conditions are at higher risk of pneumococcal disease.
This includes children with:
Children with spinal fluid shunts and with cochlear implants are also at higher risk of Pneumococcal Disease.